Richard Arnott

About Richard Arnott (Edit profile)

Richard Arnott is Distinguished Professor in the Department of Economics, University of California, Riverside (richard.arnott@ucr.edu).

A Bathtub Model of Downtown Traffic Congestion

Richard Arnott

William Vickrey is the “father of congestion pricing” and a Nobel Laureate in economics. While watching the ebb and flow of traffic from his Manhattan office, he developed a hypothesis that the dynamics of rush-hour traffic have the same properties as water flowing into and out of a hypothetical bathtub.

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